Glaucoma Detection Based on Texture Feature of Neuro Retinal Rim Area in Retinal Fundus Image


  • Gibran Satya Nugraha Universitas Mataram
  • Akbar Juliansyah Universitas Bumigora Mataram
  • Muhammad Tajuddin Universitas Bumigora Mataram



glaucoma, classification, biomedicine, machine learning, neuroretinal rim


One method for detecting glaucoma is by comparing ratios in the area of neuroretinal rim. Comparing area ratios in the neuroretinal rim is difficult for ophthalmologists since it requires high accuracy and is highly dependent on the patient's retinal condition. In this study, we sought to perform neuro retinal rim feature extraction based on histogram and gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) of normal retinal images and glaucoma, automatically distinguish between normal eyes and eyes with glaucoma, and evaluate the method's validity using the measures of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity We adopted a machine learning approach in conducting automatic feature extraction of the retinal rim through three main stages: 1) image acquisition, 2) pre-processing, and 3) classification. We used a dataset from RIM-ONE for normal eyes images and DRISTHI-GS for glaucoma images.Classification was carried out on 154 images (80 images for glaucoma images and 74 images for normal images). Regarding true positive, false negative, false positive, and true negative, we examined the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of automatic extraction and classification. The highest findings are 96.10%, 98.75%, and 93.24%, respectively. This study showed that automatic texture features and classification are possible, accurate and important in detecting glaucoma.


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How to Cite

Nugraha, G. S., Juliansyah, A., & Tajuddin, M. (2024). Glaucoma Detection Based on Texture Feature of Neuro Retinal Rim Area in Retinal Fundus Image. International Journal of Health and Information System, 1(3), 117–127.